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英语四级作文范文句型解析Unit21

cocotang 于2014-11-26发布 l 已有人浏览
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英语四级作文范文句型解析,含有范文例句及词语短语解析讲解

Unit 21

范文句型分析:
1.English used to be a headache to me.
  英语以前对我而言是件头痛的事.
 解说:
 used to V以前曾经/常常……
 例:Peter used to live on a boat.
     彼得以前住在船上。

2.I always found it difificult to memorize new
  我总是觉得记新的单词很困难。
 解说:
 vocabulary.
a.find it+adj. I N+to V 发觉/觉得……
 注意:
 此处的find为不完全及物动词,其后不可直接用不定式短语作宾语,一定要用形式宾语it取代,且.其后可置名词或形容词作宾语补语;其他常见的此类不完全及物动 同还有:think(认为),believe(相信),consider(认为), deem(认为)等
 例:Linda finds it difficult to study while the TV is on.
    琳达发现电视开着时她很难专心学习。
    I've always deemed it a must to Learn a second language.
    我一直认为学习第二外语是必须的。
b.vocabulary  n.词汇(集合名词)
 例:Carl has a large dirty vocabulary.
     卡尔会说很多脏话。

3.Grammar was also a closed book to me because there were many exceptions to the rules I had learned, which almost drove me crary.
   我对语法也一窍不通,因为我所学的语法规则里有很多例外,而这几乎把我逼疯了。
 解说:
a.closed book (喻)完全不懂的事情
  closed   a.关闭的
  be a closed book to sb 某人对...一窍不通
  例:Economics has always been a closed book to me.
     我对经济学向来是一窍不通。
b.exception n.例外(与介词to连用);除外
  with the exception of…除……外
 =except…
  例:Little Willy is always looking for exceptions to the school rules.
      小威利总是在钻校规的漏洞。
      I like all sports with the exception of golf.
      大部分的运动我都喜欢,但高尔夫球除外。
c.drive sb crazy 把某人逼疯
  例:My wife's constant nagging is driving me crary.
     我太太不停的唠叨快把我逼疯了。

4.Needless to say,my English was poor, but I persevered.
   不用说,我的英语很烂,但我却持之以恒。
  解说:
a.Needless to say, S+V  不用说,……
 =It goes without saying+that从句
  注意:
  Needless to say, S + V”乃由“It is needless to say + that从句”变化而来,但使用时,仍以本句型为主。
  例:Mr. and Mrs. Brown's son is returning from the war. Needless to say, they're very happy.
     布朗夫妇的儿子即将从战场回来;因此他们的喜悦是不言而喻的。
b.persevere  vi.不屈不挠;坚忍
  perseverance n.坚忍/持,毅力
  例:The army captain encouraged the new soldiers to persevere through basic training.
      连长鼓励新兵要不屈不挠通过基本训练。
     Gus relied on his perseverance to learn the fine art of basket weaving.
      格斯凭着毅力学习编织篮子的艺术。

5.Fortunately .I had a patient teacher.
  幸运的是,我有个很有耐心的老师。
 解说:
 patient a.有耐心/性的
 be patient with… 对……有耐心
 例:Please be patient with Charles;he can't walk fast because he's sick.
     请对查尔斯耐心点;他没办法走得很快,因为他病了。

6.Rather than scold me, he kept on encouraging me.
  他没有责备我,反而一直鼓励我。
  解说:
a.Rather than+动词原形,S+V(非但)不……(反)而……
 =Instead of+名词,S+V
 例:(Rather than marry/ Instead of marrying) her fiance,Jenny ran away with a playboy.
    珍妮没和未婚夫结婚,而和一个花花公子跑了。
b.keep on+V-ing  继续做……
 =keep+V ing
 =go on+V ing
  例:The crazy man kept on calling me names.
      那个疯汉一直不停地骂我。
c.encourage vt.鼓励

7.With his help and my diligence,my English improved step by step
  在他的帮助和我的勤奋之下,我的英语逐渐地进步。
  解说:
a.With + N, S + V 随着/有了……,……
  例:With the passage of time,Kent eventually forgot about his unhappy childhood.
     随着时间的流逝,肯特终于忘掉了他那不愉快的童年.
b.diligence n.勤勉,勤奋
  diligent a.勤勉的,勤奋的
 例:Mary is a diligent secretary.
    玛丽是位勤奋的秘书。
c.improve vi.&vt.改善,(使)进步
 例:Carrot juice will improve your eyesight.
     胡萝卜汁可以改善你的视力。
d.step by step 逐渐地,一步一步地
  例:Bob put the model together step by step.
     鲍勃一步一步地将模型拼起来。

8.After some time, I didn't seem to be struggling in English anymore.
  过了一些时日,我在学英语方面似乎不再那么辛苦了。
 解说:
a.not…anymore 不再……
 =not…any longer
 =no longer...
  例:The retired performer doesn't sing anymore.
    =The retired performer no longer sings.
     那位退休的表演者不再演唱了。
b.struggle vi.挣扎;奋斗
  struggle for… 努力争取……,为……而奋斗
 例:The Bosnians are struggling for survival.
     波斯尼亚人正在为生存而奋斗。

9.In fact, English is now my strongest subject.
  事实上,英语现在是我最强的一科。
  解说:
a.in fact事实上
 =as a matter of fact
 例:I don't like you. In fact,nobody does.
    我不喜欢你;事实上,没人喜欢你。
b.subject n.学科

10.It only goes to show that there's no substitute for hard work.
   这就说明了没有什么事情可以代替努力用功.
 解说:
a.It (only) goes to show + that从句  这(就/正)说明了……
  例:David was hit by a car this morning. It only goes to show that you can't be too careful when walking on the streets of Taipei.
     大卫今早被车撞了。这正说明了在台北街上行走时,再小心亦不为过。
b.substitute n.代替品&vt.以...代替
  substitute A for B用A代替B
  例:Tofu is often used as a meat substitute.
     豆腐经常被用来当作肉的代替品。
     Bert asked the waitress if he could substitute the fries for seaweed.
     伯特问女服务员他是否可以改要薯条而不要海带。
 

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